Paper Code: F_045
Authors: Ali Maina Bukar and Hassan Ugail
Abstract: Research in facial age estimation has been active for over a decade. This is due to its numerous applications. Recently, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been used in an attempt to solve this age old problem. For this purpose, researchers have proposed various CNN architectures. Unfortunately, most of the proposed techniques have been based on relatively ‘shallow’ networks. In this work, we leverage the capability of an off-the-shelf deep CNN model, namely the VGG-Face model, which has been trained on millions of face images. Interestingly, despite being a simple approach, features extracted from the VGG-Face model, when reduced and fed into linear regressors, outperform most of the
state-of-the-art CNNs. e.g. on both FGNET-AD and Morph II benchmark databases. Furthermore, contrary to using the last fully connected (FC) layer of the trained model, we evaluate the activations from different layers of the architecture. In fact, our experiments show that generic features learnt from intermediate layer activations carry more ageing information than the FC layers.
Keywords: Age estimation, ConvNet, Deep learning, Pretrained ConvNet, Partial least squares regression